Linking needs and provisioning systems: The potential components of UBS

Adapted from Gough, I. ‘The Case for Universal Basic Services’ in LSE Public Policy Review 
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Note:

The middle column denotes contemporary need satisfiers - the potential components of UBS. An attempt has been made in this table to separate out concepts and measures pertaining to individuals and concepts and measures pertaining to collectivities, and to list only the former. Thus desirable collective goals such as gender equality, environmental sustainability and social inclusiveness are not regarded as basic needs, but as general societal preconditions for their satisfaction. See Gough 2015, 2017 for more on this.